Design of the Tea garden
Koshikake-Machiai (Waiting area in the inner garden)
The koshikake Machiai is an area for guests, who have come from the Yoritsuki (waiting shelter of the outer garden) and walked down the garden path. Here, they wait for the host to welcome them inside the teahouse. It is usually fitted with Enza, individual round mats of woven rush, and an ashtray. In colder months, there is often a small heater for guests to warm their hands.
Roji (Garden path)
The Roji is the garden path that leads to the teahouse and is designed to make it seem like guests are entering a different world.According to Rikyu, the purpose of stepping stones was "sixty percent for walking, forty percent for decoration," and he advocated that they be easy to walk upon. To Oribe, for example, it was the opposite, and he stressed their decorative value. Oribe even liked to use colored stones to give the Roji garden path a showy look.
Tsukubai (蹲) (Tiny purifying basin) : Before entering the Chashitsu, the guests will ritually purify themself by pouring some water over their hands with a Hishaku and finally drinking some from the palm of their hand. In most classical Japanese gardens, temples, and shrines a Tsukubai can be found. The Tsukubai are usually made of stone and water drips from a bamboo pipe.